SESSION LIST

  1. The state of Arctic glaciers and ice caps

  2. Glaciers and ice caps in the Arctic are important for fresh-water resources, hydro-power, geohazards, tourism and local populations. Despite their relatively small volume, these arctic glaciers are expected to make an important contribution to sea-level change within the next century. Future ice-loss projections are however difficult, as at present we observe a rather heterogeneous response under changing climate. On account of this variability, the session aims to shed light on local, regional and arctic-wide scales. We thus welcome submissions presenting recent and long-term changes observed by remote sensing and in-situ techniques as well as modelling efforts to assimilate data or that try to explain past and recent changes. We also invite submissions that assess the possible future of Arctic glaciers and ice caps within the next few decades or centuries.

    Organizers: Johannes J. Fürst, Pierre-Marie Lefeuvre, Kirsty Langley

  3. The ecology of sea ice, pelagic and benthic biota in Arctic seasonal sea ice zones

  4. In the warming Arctic previously permanently ice covered regions tend to turn into areas with seasonal ice cover. Seasonally ice-covered ecosystems are distinctively different from regions covered by multiyear ice, because the seasonally changing sea ice cover leads to enormous temporal and spatial variability of the physical, chemical and biological components and processes. Scientists are therefore challenged to find new advanced tools and methods to answer research questions that fully address a holistic ecosystem perspective over complete seasonal cycles in these new seasonally ice-covered waters.

    We invite presentations on new research and technological advances with a focus on seasonal sea ice zone ecology. Questions addressed might include the following: Which sensor arrays are developed and implemented in long-term investigations in seasonal sea ice zones? How can we integrate studies on sea ice, pelagic and benthic biota in innovative and integrative ways? Which biological processes have the largest potential for change due to climate change and will biological responses be different for shelves compared to the slopes and deep-sea regions within the seasonal sea ice zones? We also invite presentations on organismic physiological adaptation to the seasonal ice zone and on organism groups whose significance in seasonal sea ice zones are just emerging. Special focus will be given to comparing and contrasting the seasonal sea ice zones of various Arctic Seas and pan-Arctic integration."

    Organizers: Rolf Gradinger, Ingrid Wiedmann, Finlo Cottier

  5. Arctic clouds, aerosols and climate effects

  6. Clouds, water vapour and aerosols are closely linked through various dynamic, microphysical and chemical processes and feedbacks, and are strongly controlling the climate. There is a strong indication that low level and mixed phased clouds are an important driver of climate warming in the Arctic. Atmospheric aerosols, natural or anthropogenic origin, are forming clouds by acting as cloud condensation nuclei or ice nucleating particles. Arctic aerosols are mainly observed as the Arctic Haze and long-range transport tracers; Little is known about natural Arctic aerosol sources, such as primary marine aerosol or new particle formation and biomass burning. Clouds and the relative influence of aerosols and atmospheric dynamics on their microphysical and radiative properties are not yet well understood. Recently, strong emphasis is laid on the study of clouds, aerosols and climate at e.g. Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard and other location throughout the Arctic. These activities will improve the understanding and modelling of climate processes in the Arctic and contribute to prediction studies like “Year of Polar Prediction” (YOPP/PPP/WMO). The session is dedicated to the interplay of these key players in the Arctic atmosphere. It will cover latest results from-long-term observations, field experiments, modelling studies and upcoming new studies throughout the Arctic.

    Organizers: Takashi Yamanouchi, Paul Zieger, Julia Schmale

  7. Hemispheric and regional atmospheric impacts of a rapidly changing Arctic climate

  8. The rapid changes of the Arctic climate system in the last decades are of great interest, especially their potential influence on mid-latitude and tropical weather patterns, and vice versa. These processes range from local to regional atmosphere-ocean-ice (AOI) interactions to large-scale teleconnections characterizing daily-to-decadal timescale atmosphere, ocean and cryosphere climate variability in both the extra tropics and high-latitudes. This session has three subtopics:

    1. Atmosphere-ocean-ice interactions: The focus is on changes in the Arctic climate system related to AOI interactions and feedbacks between the boundary layer and the free atmosphere. This includes snow physics processes, polynya formation processes, sea ice production and bottom water formation, which represent key processes for the ocean and the cryosphere. AOI interactions are also triggered by synoptic systems and mesoscale extreme weather phenomena such cold air outbreaks and polar lows.

    2. Extratropical and high-latitude storms and teleconnections: Synoptic storms are responsible for extreme weather, particularly high-wind events, large ocean waves and surges, coastal flooding and erosion, AOI interactions, as well as rapid temperature changes. Teleconnection patterns play an important role in modulating storm activity as well as acting as mechanisms that couple weather and climate processes that occur in the low, mid and high latitudes. Storms and teleconnections are important contributors to climate variability and change at high latitudes.

    3. Interactions between the climates of the Arctic, mid-latitudes tropics. Evidence for bi-directional linkages between the Arctic, mid-latitudes and tropics is growing. These include instances where the mid-latitudes impact the Arctic as in the winter 2016. On the other hand, changes in the tropics such as the warming of Indian Ocean may also be associated with teleconnections that ultimately impact the Arctic. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, large-scale impacts and teleconnections of Arctic sea ice loss, Arctic amplification, AMO, NAO, AO, and Asian Monsoons.

    Organizers: Kent Moore, Nunclo Murukesh, Günther Heinemann

  9. Arctic Ocean dynamics, transformations, and ecosystem response

  10. Over the last few decades the Pacific Arctic region has warmed and freshened significantly in response to shifts in ocean and atmospheric forcing, coincident with major reductions in seasonal sea ice cover. Owing to such drastic changes, numerous scientific programs have been conducted recently in the Arctic Ocean and Atlantic and Pacific inflow regions to enhance our understanding of these nuanced changes in ocean heat and salt transport, biogeochemical modification, and ecosystem response.

    In this session, we encourage contributions on emerging results from both observational, theoretical, and numerical studies that consider vertical and lateral heat transport processes; sea ice thermodynamics; ocean-atmosphere interactions; biogeochemical processes in the water column and sediments, and responses of marine organisms influenced by these changes. This multidisciplinary session will provide a state-of-the-art evaluation of the environmental status and trends in the Pacific Arctic region, including the interconnectivity among varied mechanisms of physical forcing; biogeochemical cycling, biological response, ecosystem modelling and social-economic interactions.

    Organizers: Amane Fujiwara, Tom Rippeth, Jessica Cross

  11. Arctic Hydrology: Biogeochemical and Physical Fluxes

  12. The Arctic is currently experiencing a period of warming, resulting in a changing hydrological cycle. In order to predict how the hydrological cycle may change in the future and interpret paleo-records of how it was in the past, we need to understand how the system works today, on both temporal and spatial scales. What are the fluxes and how are they coupled to other components of the system both at the large scale, e.g. atmosphere and ocean, and the local scale, e.g. wildfires and vegetation changes. What are the long-term trends in e.g. riverine chemical fluxes to the ocean and what is their seasonal variation?

    To answer these questions (and many related ones!) we invite contributions from all researchers seeking to understand biogeochemical and physical hydrological fluxes in these special environments with the aim promoting dialogue between often separate disciplines.

    Organizers: Ruth Vingerhagen, Hotaek Park, Rikie Suzuki, Emily Stevenson, Catherine Hirst

  13. Carbon vulnerability of permafrost soils

  14. Permafrost covers approximately 22.8 million square kilometerskilometres in the Earth’s Northern Hemisphere and contains more than 1300 Pg of organic carbon (C) about half of the global soil C and twice as much as is currently contained in the atmosphere. Permafrost soils are, therefore, important components in the global C cycle, having acted as C sinks since the beginning of the Holocene. A significant proportion of these C stocks may be vulnerable to climate changes through permafrost thawing and subsequent accelerated decomposition by soil microorganisms, changes in water regimes (i.e. flooded vs. drought areas) and vegetation shifts. The session will address physical- chemical and biological controls of organic C decomposition. Within the section the lectures will be combined to give information about C stock in the permafrost soils, permafrost C vulnerability to climate change (i.e. increased temperature), role of soil microbial functioning and vegetation effects.

    “Sections-key words”: Lowland permafrost and mountain permafrost, Permafrost and climate change, Ecology, microbiology, biogeochemistry, vegetation and gas fluxes, modelling.

    Organizers: Jiří Bárta, Wojciech Szymański, Hana Šantrůčková, Tim Urich

  15. Microbial diversity in the wake of weakening biogeographic zones around the Arctic

  16. It is a well-known fact that the impact of climate change is felt first and fastest in the Arctic. This has led to weakening of biogeographic boundaries and probably overlap/merger of niches within the Arctic and sub-Arctic regions. In this scenario, the understanding of functional and taxonomic diversity of microbes in the Arctic realm calls for a comprehensive review and assessment. There are several reports on the occurrence of microbes considered relatively native to colder or warmer niches to be found elsewhere. This will indeed have significant impact on biogeochemical cycles from regional to global scales. The session proposed, intends to bring together microbiologists working in the field of taxonomy, ecology and biogeochemical cycling to present their studies and views on this silent yet very significant aspect that could have major implications on our understanding on the impact of climate change.

    Organizers: K.P.Krishnan, Josef Elster, Igor S. Pessi

  17. Terrestrial algae - molecular diversity, geographical distribution, ecology and physiology

  18. Prokaryotic cyanobacteria and eukaryotic microalgae remain at the beginning of plant evolution. They are widespread in all polar environments, including extremes with different sources of pollution and frequently produce visible biomass. Their combined biomass represents a sizeable pool of global fixed carbon, influencing mineral cycling and energy flow, and affects the mineral and biological development of polar ecosystems. Polar regionsRegions are geographically isolated, the issue of microalgae endemism is the subject of many debates. Various factors could be involved in their long-range dispersion between and across the polar regions, such as atmospheric circulation, which can transfer spores or even cells over large distances, as well as bird migrations and human activities. Several studies hypothesised and later tested that selected groups of microalgae survived several glaciations and occur in particular habitats from beginning of ancient glaciation. Our results, support the hypothesis that long-term survival took place in glacial refuges. Current debate concerns to what extent polar microbial flora is genetically and physiologically different from the rest of the globe’s microbial genepool and the effect that severe ecological constraints have on influencing the direction and speed of evolution in the polar regions.

    Organizers: Josef Elster, Shalygina, R.R. Elie Verleyen

  19. Arctic animals and their parasites

  20. Parasites in Arctic have been rather neglected group. However, they play important role in arctic ecosystems. They are influenced by global warming as well as by anthropogenic impacts. In this session, results of research on various groups of parasites from wide spectrum of host’s species will be presented. Special attention will be paid to parasites with zoonotic potential (like Cryptosporidium, Giardia, Echinococcus, Trichinella, Anisakis etc.), emerging diseases and measuring baseline methods of exposure to common zoonotic infections. The topic will cover as well viruses transmitted by arthropods."

    Organizers: Birgitta Evengård, Oleg Ditrich, Eva Myšková

  21. Climate warming effects on organism size and growth rate in the Arctic systems – from past records to future consequences

  22. Decline in organisms’ body-size and changes in growth rate are among of the predicted universal responses to global warming in both aquatic and terrestrial systems. Shifts in size and shape has been interpreted as proxies of the past environmental changes in dendrochronological and paleontological records. Reconstructions of the past variability (e.g. growth-ring width of woody plants) provide a predictive link to future changes and their implications. Changes in organism size can have profound effects at the individual (metabolic) and community levels (e.g. productivity, food webs) as well as on organism-environment interactions (e.g. sediment bioturbation). This session considers the relationships between climate warming driven environmental variability and organism size, shape and growth rate in high latitude systems, including the records of the past changes as well as recent observations that can lead to predictive future scenarios. All levels of biological organization (genome, cell, body, population and community), habitats (terrestrial, freshwater and marine) and taxa are considered. Contributions on global to local studies that focus on size-related themes explored with use of experimental and observational studies of recent biotas as well as dendrochronological and palentological reconstructions are invited. The implications of the possible changes in organism size and morphology on the functioning of the polar ecosystems are of special interest of this session.

    Organizers: Maria Włodarska-Kowalczuk, Piotr Owczarek, Magdalena Łącka

  23. Changes in Arctic spring as observed in Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard

  24. Spring in the Arctic. Light returns, ice and snow disappear; a period of high productivity brings marine fauna to the fjords and migratory birds to the tundra. The dark, frozen landscape changes in a vivid race against the clock to reproduce. A multidisciplinary, international group of scientists are studying this seasonal change in Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard (79°N). In this session, we want to highlight changes in the timing of the onset of spring and how this affects the different disciplines for understanding the full impact of climate warming. Ny-Ålesund is experiencing strong signals of climate warming with changes in winter conditions that translate into an earlier spring. It also harbours a wide array of facilities and scientists who can elaborate on spring changes. This session should spark interdisciplinary discussions, also with scientists from other Arctic research sites to create a comprehensive perspective on cascading effects of pan-Arctic spring changes. We propose a multi-disciplinary session about atmosphere, oceanography, snow, ice, algal blooms, microbial activity and timing of reproduction in the fjord and on the tundra. At the end a general discussion should address links among disciplines and sites.

    Organizers: Christina A. Pedersen, Clara Hoppe, Honglei Li

  25. Understanding Arctic Systems through Geographic Transects and Information Science

  26. Arctic regions are undergoing profound and rapid environmental, geopolitical and social change. These changes are occurring in the context of myriad systems ranging from simple to complex, from physical to social, and many of the system components are highly integrated. Specific platforms and methods such as remote sensing, simulation modeling, socio-ecological systems approaches, and others provide mechanisms for examining Arctic systems at different scales along numerous dimensions.

    An example where the information systems continuum has been used effectively in Arctic research is along Arctic terrestrial environmental (e.g. climate) gradients that may extend for thousands of kilometers of latitude from forest-tundra transitions to the extreme High Arctic (sub-section 2). Examining the bio-geophysical and socio-economic properties of these systems along regional to continental climate gradients, using the full extent of the data and information available, can provide a first approximation of how these systems might change with respect to future climate dynamics. Given the need for numerous and highly varied data items at extensive sets of locations, the information systems continuum approach (sub-section 1) may be the ultimate strategy for understanding whole-system dynamics for large spatial areas in the Arctic and over long periods of time.

    In the two sub-sections, we have a particular interest in papers that respectively utilize the constructs of data and information as a system or Arctic and Arctic-alpine bio-climate gradients (e.g. temperature and precipitation) to examine heterogeneity in the structure and function of Arctic systems with respect to variables such as permafrost and active-layer, patterned-ground features, soils, vegetation structure, biodiversity, and remotely-sensed properties. Bringing these sub-sections together will help to link more general systems to the specifics of geographic transects. We additionally welcome abstracts of studies from all geographic locations within the Arctic.

    Organizers: Howard Epstein, Peter L. Pulsifer, Shannon Vossepoel

    Subsection 1: Arctic Data and Information Science meets System Science

    While lack of complete observational coverage of Arctic systems continues to be a challenge, recent decades have seen the emergence of an Arctic information system that provides unprecedented opportunities to increase our understanding of the Arctic by maximizing access to data that do exist. Here we define an information system as one that comprises a continuum of information, including observations and empirical data, processed information, and highly synthetic knowledge. This system increasingly utilizes highly interdisciplinary, open, networked information, transmitted digitally with sophisticated communications technology. This sub-section explores innovations, opportunities and challenges related to the use of Arctic observations and information systems to further develop our understanding of Arctic systems. We welcome papers on information systems developed at different scales, from local to circumpolar, or connecting across scales, as well as contributions from different disciplines and knowledge systems (e.g. indigenous knowledge, social science, physical science, social-ecological-systems). Contributors are encouraged to focus on how the reported information systems are contributing to connecting units of information to a larger whole (e.g. local to regional scale, or a single discipline to an interdisciplinary system).

    Organizers: Peter L. Pulsifer, Shannon Vossepoel

    Subsection 2: Arctic Transects

    Arctic terrestrial environments extend along thousands of kilometers of latitude from forest-tundra transitions to the extreme High Arctic. Examining the bio-geophysical and socio-economic properties of these systems along regional to continental climate gradients provides a first approximation of how these systems might change with respect to future climate dynamics. While studies of the complete Arctic bioclimate gradient are rather rare from a field observational perspective, given the need to visit numerous sites with challenging logistics, there have been recent research efforts that have accomplished the goal of developing arctic transects for different geographic locations throughout the Arctic. Remote sensing and simulation modeling also provide mechanisms for examining arctic systems along climatic gradients. For this section, we seek papers that utilize the construct of Artic and Arctic-alpine bioclimate gradients to examine heterogeneity in the structure and function of arctic systems with respect to variables such as temperature, precipitation, permafrost and patterned-ground, properties, soils, active-layer, vegetation structure, biodiversity, and remote sensing properties. We welcome abstracts of studies from all geographic locations within the Arctic, and those that utilize field observations, remote sensing, and simulation modeling. Studies that include a socio-economic component are strongly encouraged.

    This session explores innovations, opportunities and challenges related to the use of Arctic observations and information systems to further develop our understanding of Arctic systems. We welcome papers on information systems developed at different scales, from local to circumpolar, or connecting across scales, as well as contributions from different disciplines and knowledge systems (e.g. indigenous knowledge, social science, physical science, social-ecological-systems). Contributors are encouraged to focus on how the reported information systems are contributing to connecting units of information to a larger whole (e.g. local to regional scale, or a single discipline to an interdisciplinary system). We have a particular interest in papers that utilize the construct of Arctic and Arctic-alpine bio-climate gradients (e.g. temperature and precipitation) to examine heterogeneity in the structure and function of Arctic systems with respect to variables such as permafrost and active-layer, patterned-ground features, soils, vegetation structure, biodiversity, and remotely-sensed properties. We additionally welcome abstracts of studies from all geographic locations within the Arctic.

    Organizers: Howard Epstein, Skip Walker, Vladimir Romanovsky

  27. Systems Analysis for the Arctic

  28. The complexity of the dynamic global system poses significant societal, science, policy, and governance challenges for the fragile Arctic. Global-scale social, economic, and technological changes all contribute to transformations of the Arctic system’s climate, environment, economic development and societies. Conversely, changes in the Arctic environment impact our global climate and, in turn, affect other regions and systems across the Earth. Systems analysis (SA) is a wide perspective and challenging concept applied in processes for solving complex problems in the short and long term. The systems analysis can include, for example, a set of interdisciplinary tools that encompass handling of environmental, technological, social, economic, and geopolitical components. SA can essentially also include stakeholder participation, both public and private, applied in methods and processes for balancing a variety of perspectives. SA is useful at the interface of science and policy, and for reaching common understanding for actions. This session focuses, but is not strictly restricted to application of systems analysis for development of information technologies that support different activities and decision-making. The session will present and discuss, for example: existing methods, models, applications and solutions advanced developments of theoretical and applied nature creation and use of multidisciplinary integrative models and computer technologies to examine options for the Arctic, model and forecast the development of the Arctic and sub-Arctic region control problems of socio-economic and technical-environmental systems development latest progress in the field of computer technologies and simulation information support to decision-making, for example on integrated security participatory approaches directions of problem-solving based on use of system analysis.

    This session raises awareness of systems analysis and its applications for a sustainable Arctic region; leads to increased international cooperation and exchange of experiences among scientists and also other stakeholders; highlights the benefits of system analysis to decision-makers for interdisciplinary problem-solving using systems analysis and modern information technologies.

    The session format includes: 1) wide perspective keynote presentations; 2) invited presentations from method and process experts; 3) open invitation for abstracts for presentations; 4) panel discussion representing a variety of disciplines and stakeholders from science, policy, business, and civil society. We envisage a joint elaboration of applying systems analysis for the Artic, including recommendations on improvement of the modern information and telecommunication infrastructure of the Arctic region to ensure sustainable development of this strategic region globally.

    We envisage a joint elaboration of applying systems analysis for the Artic, including recommendations on improvement of the modern information and telecommunication infrastructure of the Arctic region to ensure sustainable development of this strategic region globally.

    Organizers: Anni Reissell, Andrey Oleynik, Vanessa Schweitzer

  29. Long-Term Perspectives on Arctic Change: Implications for Archaeology, Palaeoenvironments and Cultural Heritage

  30. The inter-disciplinary SES (‘Social-Ecological System’) framework is ideal for investigating what factors contribute to long-term vulnerability and resilience in complex human-environment relationships over three inter-locking time scales: (i) palaeo (millennial through to recent historical); (ii) contemporary; (iii) future. This session brings together insights into palaeo timescales, and thereby aims to contribute to the ICARP III (Part 3) sub-theme: ‘Understanding of long-term responses to Arctic change, including in the areas of food and water security’. Speakers will integrate historical, archaeological and long-term environmental and climatic records from across the pan-Arctic to investigate what drives the deeper (pre)historic and recent cultural and environmental dynamics that shaped both past and present Arctic SESs. Additional papers will draw on a wide range of theoretical and empirical perspectives to explore the active role played by the rich yet endangered cultural, historical and environmental heritage in a range of Arctic SES’s now being impacted by accelerating change. We are looking for papers that engage with the following themes:

    We are looking for papers that engage with the following themes:

    • High-resolution multi-proxy records of past Arctic ecodynamics (e.g. climate, terrestrial and marine ecosystems, past ocean and ice states, etc.) affecting environment conditions for human occupation

    • Human responses to specific climate change ‘events’ (e.g. Last Glacial Maximum, Pleistocene – Holocene Transition, 8.2 Cal BP Cold Event; Medieval Warm Period; Little Ice Age; more recent historical fluctuations)

    • Arctic food/water security and the dynamics of long-term subsistence/social transformations (eg. hunting, fishing, animal domestication, herding)

    • Reconstructions of (human) palaeo-demographic (pre)history in the Circumpolar North

    • Cumulative human impacts on circumpolar biological diversity (species/ecosystems)

    • Multi-generational decision-making ‘pathways’ in Arctic communities adjusting to the onset of climate/environmental change

    • What influenced (past) fragility, resilience and long-term sustainability in (earlier) Arctic Social-Ecological Systems?

    • Mitigating loss of Holocene cultural/ecological heritage (palaeo-societal/palaeo-environmental archives) through modern climate change?

    • Arctic material heritage – policy implications of transformation and decay

    • Contrasting and contested perceptions of Arctic cultural heritage

    Organizers: Peter Jordan, Sean Desjardins, Sandra Sázelová

  31. Marine, Coastal and Terrestrial Arctic Productivity in Human and Ecosystem Contexts- A multi-dimensional look into history and future of the Pan-Arctic System

  32. The rapidly progressive reduction of seasonal sea ice and loss of multi-year ice is a stressor across the Arctic system with effects at multiple levels. One result is that the study of Arctic productivity and associated change is at a key junction that could result in new frontiers for Arctic research and exploration. The science community must draw on and integrate information, insights, and under-utilized data sets from multiple disciplines to better understand past, ongoing and future changes and impacts. We propose using the theme of marine, coastal, and terrestrial productivity as a central organizing principle to advance understanding of how environmental, geo-political, and commercial changes have and will affect the Arctic system along the land-sea continuum. Productivity, as defined here, includes ecosystem production, food web dynamics, as well as social and economic productivity, such as sustained or new commerce. This session aims to bring together diverse perspectives on the future of the Arctic, and to identify knowledge and/or data gaps, which might limit our collective ability to understand connectivity across Arctic eco/geo/social-systems. We seek contributions focused on observations and mechanistic understanding of productivity and human-ecosystem dynamics that are related to ecosystem productivity. We also invite contributions that consider new and novel approaches to developing proxy indicators, facilitating applications that untangle past climate and environmental conditions and to promote better understanding of human impacts at local and regional scales.

    Organizers: Allison Fong, Monika Kędra, Patricia Wells

  33. Sustainability Challenges and Monitoring in Times of Arctic Rapid Transition

  34. Subsection 1: Sustainability and Resilience Monitoring in the Rapidly Changing Arctic

    This subsection is embedded in many initiatives devoted to monitoring and assessing sustainability and resilience in the rapidly changing Arctic under impacts of climate and social drivers of change. Among these are such Arctic Council´s and other international initiatives as ´Arctic Social Indicators (ASI)’, ´Arctic Resilience Report´, 'Arctic Sustainability: Synthesis of Knowledge (ASUS)' under the Arctic Belmont Call, Arctic-FROST, Arctic-COAST and many others. These projects focus on developing indicators for sustainability and resilience, a key task in advancing sustainable development in Arctic communities. Monitoring sustainability and resilience through a multiscale integrated system of indicators serves several goals and functions: allows focusing on interactions between social and biogeophysical processes, provides important information for building resilient socio-ecological systems, improves assessment and analysis of sustainability dynamics, and increases learning and knowledge capacities of local communities, their ability to shape change and plan for a sustainable future.

    Organizers: Andrey Petrov, Tatiana Vlasova

    Subsection 2: “Arctic in Rapid Transition” in Times of Global Change - Global Impacts on the Arctic Marine Environment and Coastal Communities

    Global environmental change and socio-economic processes and behaviour affect Arctic marine ecosystems and coastal communities. "Western" consumption patterns already have far reaching consequences on Arctic marine environments and living conditions. Air and water pollution as well as food source contaminants from lower latitudes affect Arctic peoples’ health. Global changes bear climate-related risks for infrastructure and resource extraction such as permafrost thaw and coastal erosion. (Geo)political events potentially affect cooperation on Arctic environmental, economic and social development. In this subsection, the Arctic in Rapid Transition (ART) initiative aims to shed light on impacts of global change processes on the Arctic from an inter- and transdisciplinary perspective. We seek input from various fields in Arctic research including climate and atmospheric science, marine ecology, oceanography, engineering, economics, governance, political science, sociology and anthropology. During the session, we aim for a lively discussion between early career researchers, representatives of various indigenous communities, and stakeholder groups on how global developments and climate-related changes impact Arctic marine ecosystems and coastal communities. In particular, we welcome Arctic inhabitants to participate in the session and share their perspectives and narratives about how recent changes in Arctic coastal areas impact their lives.

    Organizers: Kathrin Keil, Michael Fritz, Liza Mack

    Subsection 3: Rapid Arctic Transitions due to Infrastructure and Climate (RATIC)

    The Third International Conference on Arctic Research Planning (ICARP III) identified Sustainable Arctic Development as one of its top priorities for Arctic research during the next decade. This subsection will be a forum for researchers from a variety of disciplines to share information on the cumulative effects of industrial development and climate change across the circumpolar Arctic, including: (1) Quantification of the existing changes within areas of development at several spatial scales. For example, case studies that quantitatively examine climate change, infrastructure change, and fragmentation of large intact ecosystems and effects to permafrost, hydrology, and ecosystems; (2) Studies that examine the social drivers of infrastructure change, including economic, political, demographic, land-use planning, and technology-change aspects; (3) New adaptive management approaches that help predict and respond to the coming changes; (4) Models and other new tools mitigate the placement of new oil and gas fields, roads, pipelines, villages and urban centres. (5) The special situation of large urban centres developed on permafrost terrain. We encourage oral and poster submissions from social scientists, permafrost scientists, hydrologists, terrestrial ecologists and remote sensing specialists, engineers, educators, and local people with insights regarding the RATIC-related topics.

    Organizers: Skip Walker, Peter Schweitzer, Elena Kuznetsova

  35. Arctic-FROST: Arctic Sustainability in the Global Context

  36. Arctic-FROST: Arctic FRontiers Of SusTainability: Resources, Societies, Environments and Development in the Changing North is an NSF-funded international interdisciplinary collaborative network that teams together environmental and social scientists, local educators and community members from all circumpolar countries to enable and mobilize research on sustainable Arctic development, specifically aimed at improving health, human development and well-being of Arctic communities while conserving ecosystem structures, functions and resources under changing climate conditions. The main focus question of the session is “What can Arctic sustainability research learn from or teach the rest of the world?” Papers will deal with (1) sustainability and sustainable development in the Arctic or Sub-Arctic of particular relevance to the rest of the world, (2) comparative studies of sustainability between Arctic and other regions, (3) studies from various geographic contexts, which provide valuable insights into Arctic sustainability, (4) studies that analyze the role of outside actors in arctic sustainable development are welcome.

    Organizers: Andrey Petrov, Peter Schweitzer

  37. The resilience of the Arctic’s wildlife and indigenous food security in the context of global development and political processes

  38. The dramatic impacts of a changing global climate on summer sea-ice, and the people and wildlife that rely on this habitat, have received wide attention. However, there has been relatively less discussion of how development activities across the globe can have critical impacts to both the wildlife and indigenous food security in the Arctic. Indeed, qualitative and quantitative indicators of community resilience demonstrate the close and feedbacks associated with local to global economic processes. In this session, we use case studies to demonstrate close connections between the Arctic and local-to-global development activities. Our case studies span examples that result from a) the migration of wildlife species away from the Arctic during the boreal winter to more developed areas; b) the new technologies and economic incentives that support use of the Arctic for maritime transportation of products; c) the changing economic climate for natural resources, minerals and petroleum products; d) the introduction of new diseases and exacerbation of existing impacts to human health and mental wellbeing; and e) the increasing global recognition and support of indigenous rights to self-determine their futures. While the repercussions of some of these changes are addressed at pan‐Arctic forums such as the Arctic.

    Council, others highlight the critical need for more concerted north to south cooperation, and effective implementation of international agreements, to ensure the long‐term resilience of Arctic wildlife and peoples.

    Organizers: Martin Robards, Zhanna Kasparyan

  39. Governance, Law and Non-State Actors in the Changing Arctic

  40. The Arctic is in the midst of great transformation which includes environmental, social, economic, political and legal changes both within and outside the Arctic rim. The Arctic in international developments is increasingly important and there is a growing number of stakeholders interested in decision-making and other processes affecting the region. Therefore, we need to inquire the role played in the state of Arctic affairs by law, institutions of Arctic governance and various non-state actors, such as NGOs.

    Are the existing Arctic and Arctic-relevant legal and governance systems sufficiently supportive of the region’s ability to respond, mitigate or adapt to multidimensional changes? To what extend do non-state actors, especially the NGOs, influence Artic developments? How can non-state actors support adaptive capacity of Arctic governance?

    This session shall address these questions at various levels of governance, law, policy and decision-making practices by a variety of Arctic players, including Indigenous peoples. The session will examine, inter alia: the capacity of international law to respond to various Arctic challenges; the ability of institutions of Arctic governance to address key issues in regional cooperation and policy; and the influences of non- state actors in Arctic matters and decision-making processes.

    Organizers: Timo Koivurova, Natalia Loukacheva, Dalee Sambo Dorough, Małgorzata Śmieszek

  41. Security and Governance in a Global Arctic

  42. The Arctic has been a part of international political and economic systems for centuries. Today globalization connects it to political, economic, technological, environmental, and societal conditions and changes throughout the world. Reflecting globalization, most of the important questions for the Arctic involve state and non-state actors from beyond the Arctic as well as the more familiar ones from within the Arctic. These connections go in both directions. Global processes affect the Arctic, and Arctic ones affect the globe. The aim of this session is to explore the impacts and consequences of greater Arctic-global interaction on the security and governance of the region, noting the significance of different goals and outcomes regarding resources, environment, and society and the interactions among them. As one example, Arctic and non-Arctic states are discussing a fisheries agreement for international waters of the central Arctic Ocean. This process recognizes that non-Arctic states are relevant to a discussion about resource development, environmental health and research, and the implications for society as a whole. The session invites talks about such topics that illuminate the interplay between the Arctic and the global and what this means for the future.

    Organizers: Barbora Padrtova, Rasmus Bertelsen, Hyoung Chul Shin

  43. Building partnerships among multiple knowledge systems to enhance understanding of a dynamic Arctic

  44. This session looks at different aspects of Arctic knowledge production and implementation to resolve pressing challenges related to economic and social development, demographics, globalization, mixed cash and non-cash economies, linguistic and cultural integrity, unprecedented environmental change, health, and well-being. We are specifically keen to engage Indigenous Arctic residents and researchers to ensure Indigenous voices are represented meaningfully at the conference.

    Themes to be addressed in the session include:

    • The role of indigenous knowledge in understanding the Arctic. The idea that indigenous knowledge is an invaluable component in resolving problems outlined above is still new to western (academic) modes of research. We are interested in examining the colonial implications of failing to properly include indigenous knowledge in (Arctic) research, and look at theoretical and conceptual frameworks developed by indigenous communities to alleviate the problem. We are interested in discussing how these challenges can be addressed through meaningful community based research approaches that incorporate different forms of knowledge production

    • A systems approach to understanding the Arctic: opportunities and challenges. Individuals and communities in the Arctic have emphasized the need to address challenges holistically. A systems approach may be a structured way of doing so. However, this approach to studying the Arctic across disciplinary and geographic boundaries and knowledge systems can be challenging to conduct, particularly with respect to funding support, and coordination of complex logistics with numerous collaborators. In our session, we aim to inform and discuss what the scientific community and Indigenous Knowledge holders view as past successes and ongoing challenges in supporting research that takes a systems approach.

    • Co-production and application of knowledge: peer to peer knowledge exchange as an opportunity for adaptive capacity across the Arctic. In addition to understanding complex issues through a focus on local and/or indigenous knowledge, it is crucial to move towards implementing action that yields positive change. Where the research agenda is co-designed, co-produced, and tuned to the creation of knowledge for effective decision-making, it can be a powerful tool for northern sustainability and thriving Arctic communities. This approach is promoted in the Circum-Arctic Coastal Communities Knowledge Network (CACCON). In our session, we aim to offer a forum for sharing outcomes of solutions-oriented research in, by, and with northern communities.

    • Ethical Data Use in the Digital Age for Indigenous Knowledge and Social Science Data in the Arctic. With increasing research activities in the Arctic, numerous challenges remain to effectively managing data and information derived from Indigenous Knowledge and data from the Arctic social sciences - challenges that are both technical and social in nature. In our session we aim to identify efforts, both social and technical, to assess the needs of data and knowledge from the Arctic social sciences and northern Indigenous communities and present use cases for the development of cyberinfrastructure for Arctic social science data and Indigenous Knowledge.

    Organizers: Carolina Behe, Julie Bull, Emily Choy, Sharon Edmunds, Donald Forbes, Olivia Lee, Peter Pulsifer, Robert Rich, Rudy Riedlsperger, Colleen Strawhacker, Kendra Tingmiak

  45. Communicating Arctic Change - Successes and Challenges of Effective Science Communication from Multiple Perspectives

  46. This is a 2-part session that examines science communication and education from the perspectives of the educator, researcher, and students. The impacts of Arctic climate change will not only affect local people, communities and ecosystems, but will also have global impacts on the rest of the world. While a general awareness of Arctic change and its global implications is increasing, the drastic changes occurring in the Arctic present challenges in effectively communicating Arctic climate change both within the Arctic region and to the rest of the world.

    The first part of the session will examine how the socio-geographical and economic changes occurring in the Arctic impact on education. Drawing on perspectives from different nations in the circumpolar region, it will consider how education should respond to changes such as rural de-population and isolation, wider cultural diversity, challenges to indigenous communities and growing economic inequality. In particular, papers will discuss how to address social justice in schools where the demographic of students is rapidly changing. In order to know how to work inclusively in changing times, teachers need to be properly prepared and supported, through research-informed programmes of teacher education. This session will focus on the challenges faced by teacher education in the Arctic region and consider some of the ongoing developments.

    The second part of the session aims to address both successes and challenges of effective science communication, as well as showcasing newer forms of education and outreach, such as web-based technologies. Effective science communication is necessary to better equip the public to prepare for impending climate change and its effects in their local regions, to translate the results of recent research into deliverables accessible to the public, and to educate students within the context of their changing future. We especially encourage presenters to submit abstracts showcasing innovative methods in delivering science outreach (e.g. lectures in schools, social media, community-led efforts), as well as addressing science communication from the researcher to the project manager to the public’s point of views (e.g. balancing career and outreach, finding resources for communication-based activities, archival display).

    This proposal is jointly submitted by the University of the Arctic’s thematic network of Teacher Education for Social Justice and Diversity, the Association for Polar Early Career Scientists, and the Arctic in Rapid Transition (ART) Network.

    Organizers: Minna Korkko, TJ Young, Rauna Rakko-Ravantti, Suvi Lakkala, Alexey Pavlov, Lydie Lescarmontier, Gerlis Fugmann

  47. Meaningful multi-disciplinarity and the governance of evolving global dynamics in the Arctic: Towards a more materialistic study of world politics

  48. The unprecedented nature of anthropomorphic global warming is one example of the techno-scientific uncertainty that the organization of governance of evolving global dynamics in the twenty-first century needs to take into consideration. The rise of technological pessimism and climate change skepticism are, in turn, social phenomena that natural and technical scientists need to tackle when discussing their work and findings with lay-publics. This workshop-session explores if the notion of ‘boundary object’ from science and technology studies could be used to facilitate meaningful multi-disciplinary and multi-stakeholder communication at the increasing intersections between science, technology, and society.

    The session begins with a brief talk about evolving global material and political dynamics and what kind of pressures they put on organization of scientific research and science communication. This introduction is complimented with a short overview of the concept of ‘boundary object’ in Science and Technology Studies. In short, the concept was first developed to describe specific ways through which the viewpoints of actors inhabiting different social worlds have been successfully translated to facilitate scientific cooperation in complex institutional settings.

    The second part of the session is devoted to panel-presentations, which we are welcoming through the general call of abstracts. The presenters in this panel-part of the workshop will share a personal experience or experiences in these kinds of multi-disciplinary or multi- stakeholder communications about some specific aspect or part of the Arctic environment. Examples of the kinds of multi-disciplinary and multi-stakeholder encounters that we are hoping to cover include; talking about living in an Arctic community to audiences without such experience for purposes of influencing opinions and policies; participating in cross-disciplinary research projects, workshops, or summer schools; and working as a scientist or an expert in drafting policy. In short, the session welcomes presentations or talks of any experiences in participating and organizing multi-disciplinary or multi-stakeholder workshops or projects that have, in one way or another, used specific material entities to facilitate communication and cooperation between the different participants.

    The panel is followed with a group discussion with all the participants in the workshop with questions that include: Have the presentations and talks made you see the challenges and opportunities for human activity in the future Arctic in a different way? Have you identified possible overlapping or clashing interests between different actors interested in increasing human activity in the Arctic in the presentations?

    Finally, the panelists conduct an exercise where they explain the entity they talked about/study and the main challenges in its governance to an audience of a) scientists of different natural sciences b) journalist c) governmental working group preparing an Arctic agenda d) industry each in no more than 3 min.

    The session ends with a panel discussion about whether or not the first discussed notion of ‘boundary object’ could be used to describe and translate different disciplinary and institutional norms, values, and principles associated with technology, environment, and society in the future development of global Arctic governance.

    Any inquiries about the session should be sent to Dr. Justiina Dahl, Justiina.dahl@eui.eu.

    Organizers: Justiina Dahl, Ingrid Medby, Johanne Bruun

  49. Project management in the Arctic science – the unknown driver of changes

  50. The global significance of the Arctic is growing rapidly due to the climate change resulting in new opportunities and challenges impacting variety of stakeholders. Changes in the Arctic are forcing organizations and nations to take a more critical look at how they execute their strategic initiatives in the region. While this is quite apparent for business, the academic institutions are still in the process of changing their approach. Leading scientific organizations in the Arctic have been steadily embracing project management as a way to maximise the impact of scientific results, engage users and producers of knowledge, improve risk management and control funding inflows in an effective way. As the practice of project management matures - from the portfolio level to individual projects - the connection between science-oriented project management and its business value becomes more apparent. The session aims at discussing the effect and value of project management as unknown driving force of changes within academia and demonstrating how successful project management structures and processes are used for the scientific development of the Arctic. We welcome contributions that will represent cases focused on: portfolio management, project management office, scientific project management, talent management, stakeholder’s management and user engagement.

    Organizers: Kamil Jagodzinski, Nicole Biebow, Yulia Zaika

  51. Progress on the Development of a Pan- Arctic Observing System

  52. Following on the success of the recent Arctic Observing Summit 2016, and the call for action presented in the Summit Conference Statement (www.arcticobservingsummit.org) this session is designed to highlight progress in Arctic Observing and is conceived of as both follow up to the AOS 2016 and preparation for the AOS 2018. Papers are invited that build upon the recommendations from 2016, and especially those that consider the involvement of Indigenous Knowledge holders, the business case for a comprehensive pan-arctic observing system, new opportunities for stakeholder engagement, coordination of Arctic observing with regional and global initiatives, strategies for international funding, implementation of a combined research-operational system, and the development of a globally connected data and information system of systems.

    Organizers: Maribeth Murray, Peter Schlosser, Hiroyuki Enomoto

  53. Central European Polar Research Initiative

  54. The second Central European Polar Meeting is proposed to be held as one session of the ASSW 2017. It is jointly organized by the Committee on Polar Research of the Polish Academy of Sciences, the Centre for Polar Ecology, Czech Republic, and the Austrian Polar Research Institute, in cooperation with the Austrian Academy of Sciences. The second Central European Polar Meeting will bring together polar researchers including distinguished scientists and the next generation of polar researchers, from Central European countries and around the globe. The main scope of meeting is introduction of all facilities managed by participating institutions in polar regions with focus of description of main running research projects.

    Organizers: Jacek A. Jania, Wolfgang Schöner, Josef Elster

  55. Other

   
   
 
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